Birds – The Coraciidae

Birds – The Coraciidae

The Coraciidae

One specie from the coraciiforms

In this article we will see: “The Coraciidae“, birds, diverse and captivating, grace our skies with their melodies. From vibrant plumage to impressive flights, they captivate with endless wonders.

The Coraciidae

Brief Background

The Coraciidae family, affectionately known in ornithological circles as the Coraciids, takes center stage in the captivating order of Coraciiformes. This comprehensive study seeks to unveil the intricacies of these avian wonders, shedding light on their distinctive characteristics, behaviors, ecological preferences, and their significance in the realm of ornithology.

Comprising a remarkable ensemble of 14 species, the Coraciidae family boasts a diverse array of birds, including the iconic hoopoe, kingfisher, and bee-eater. Ranging in size from 24 to 50 cm, these avian gems captivate with their vibrant plumage and unique physical attributes. Their beaks, robust and gracefully hooked, stand as a testament to their evolutionary adaptations.

Appearance and Behaviour

Rollers, as members of the Coraciidae family are commonly known, exhibit a symphony of splendid colors dominated by hues of green, blue, and brown, accentuated by mesmerizing metallic reflections. Their wings, broad and dynamic, facilitate their swift and enduring flights. The legs are relatively short, and the tail, which may be straight or notched, adds to the visual charm of these avian wonders.

Renowned for their fast and enduring flight, rollers showcase their aerial prowess across diverse habitats. Whether dwelling in European landscapes or basking in the warmth of tropical regions, these birds exhibit a preference for wooded areas interspersed with open spaces and regions boasting low vegetation. Their habitat choices underscore their adaptability and ecological flexibility.

The behavioral repertoire of Coraciidae encompasses a range of fascinating activities. From their distinctive calls echoing through wooded enclaves to their foraging strategies and nesting behaviors, rollers provide ornithologists with a rich tapestry of observations. Recent studies have delved into the nuances of their communication patterns and social dynamics within their communities.


 Their food consists of large insects, amphibians, small birds or rodents, and even scorpions, captured from a perching position.


Rollers live in isolated pairs, and only favourable areas can bring individuals together, given their quarrelsome nature. They nest in tree cavities, walls, and even on the ground. The clutch consists of 3 to 6 smooth white eggs.

Both adults participate in incubation and raising the young. With 1 species in Europe, 3 in Asia, and 6 in Africa, rollers are absent from Australia and America.


On the other hand, the broadbills, other members of this family, known for their 4 species, are found in Australia, Africa, and Asia.

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A final word

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