Birds – The Paridae Family

Birds – The Paridae Family

The Paridae Family

The Paridae Family

In this article we will see: “The Paridae Family”, birds, diverse and captivating, grace our skies with their melodies. From vibrant plumage to impressive flights, they captivate with endless wonders.

Birds – The Paridae Family

Brief Background

The Paridae family includes tits, small birds that are often not very shy and can be quite familiar. Sometimes adorned with bright colors, particularly blue and yellow, and at other times dressed in more neutral tones such as pale brown, whitish, and especially black, tits display a contrasting plumage that is rich in nuances.

Appearance and Behaviour

These birds are primarily characterized by their bustling activity. They are constantly seen flitting from branch to branch, moving from one point to another, always busy. Active and restless, tits traverse their small territories from dawn to dusk. Insects, their eggs, and larvae form the majority of their summer diet. Swift and agile, tits venture out onto the finest twigs before hanging upside down to search for food under leaves. In winter, when insects are scarce, they rely on seeds, fruits, and other plant materials.


Around bird feeders, they are the first to arrive, especially the great tit. This constant activity is accompanied by the generous emission of small calls, which help maintain group cohesion or the bond between pairs. The arrival of spring and the defense of territories further enhance the energy of the singers.

As devoted cavity nesters, tits settle in a variety of locations, with the common factors being trees and security. They occupy tree cavities, even remarkably small ones, rock crevices, and, of course, nest boxes that the blue tit and especially the great tit quickly monopolize.

Only a few species construct their nests in the open. The clutch consists of 6 to 10 white eggs with reddish speckles. The female alone incubates the eggs, but both adults participate in raising the brood. There can be two broods per year. While generally sedentary, some species undertake true migrations. The arrival of northern birds sometimes results in “invasions,” the causes of which are still unexplained. Bird density, as well as the mildness or harshness of the climate, likely play a fundamental role.


Absence from South America, Oceania, Australia, Madagascar, and of course the polar regions, tits are represented by only 52 species worldwide. Twelve of these species breed in Europe.

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A final word

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