Birds – The Sylviidae Family

Birds – The Sylviidae Family

The Sylviidae Family

The Sylviidae Family

In this article we will see: “The Sylviidae Family “, birds, diverse and captivating, grace our skies with their melodies. From vibrant plumage to impressive flights, they captivate with endless wonders.

Birds – The Sylviidae Family

Brief Background

The Sylviidae family in France includes the Cetti’s Warbler, grasshopper warblers, Savi’s Warbler, reed warblers, chiffchaffs, willow warblers, and common whitethroat, as well as the Zitting Cisticola, the leaf warblers, and the goldcrest.

Appearance and Behaviour of: The Sylviidae Family

These are small birds, with some even being tiny. While one of the giants of the group, the Eurasian reed warbler, reaches 19 cm in length, the weight of leaf warblers ranges from 6 to 10 g. Except for the malurids, which display bright colors, Sylviidae birds are characterized by modest plumage dominated by gray, pale green, brown, and yellow. With a few exceptions, males, females, and juveniles have identical plumage.

They have slender bodies, long and thin beaks, and legs that are not well adapted for walking but are adept at gripping. Capable of covering very long distances during migration, Sylviidae birds are reluctant to fly when confined to their nesting territories.

However, they excel in navigating through bushes, reeds, brambles, and other dense vegetation, rarely venturing far from such habitats. Sylviidae birds lead a secluded existence. They move in small hops from perch to perch and are wary of direct observation. Their habit of living under the cover of vegetation, combined with their dull plumage colors, allows them to blend perfectly into their surroundings.

Food of: The Sylviidae Family

Sylviidae birds primarily feed on insects, their eggs and larvae, spiders, and other small creatures gleaned from reeds, bushes, or trees. Some species supplement their daily diet with fruits and berries during summer and autumn.

Despite their abundance, Sylviidae birds would go unnoticed if they weren’t so vocal. Endowed with undeniable musical qualities, occasional mimics, or simply possessing a modest voice, they enjoy making themselves heard.

Reproduction of: The Sylviidae Family

During the breeding season, especially during courtship, the intensity of their songs increases. Hidden and thus invisible, they still want to announce their presence. It is through these strophes often delivered with vehemence that these birds make themselves recognizable. Therefore, listening to their songs is crucial for species identification.

Sylviidae birds nest as solitary pairs. Well-hidden within vegetation, either on the ground, woven into reeds, or attached to brambles, the nest is built by both adults or by the female alone. Dry grass, dead leaves, moss, and grass stems are used to construct the nest, which can take the form of a modest cup, a highly elaborate half-sphere, or a ball with a side entrance. In European species, the clutch consists of 4 to 6 eggs. The background color, sometimes pink, is mostly whitish with varying degrees of gray and pale brown mottling.

The male may or may not participate in incubation. However, both parents feed the chicks cautiously, approaching the nest. Depending on the species, the chicks are born naked or covered in down, and except for leaf warblers, they have small brown spots on their tongues. After leaving the nest, they still rely on their parents for a few more days, and the total duration of parental care is often longer than in other passerine birds.

Distribution

Absent from the American continent, Sylviidae birds are well-represented in Europe, with 37 species, as well as in Asia and Africa. This family is also known in Australia, Malaysia, New Guinea, and New Zealand. In France, 25 species, including the warblers, are recorded.

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A final word

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