Birds – The Thrushes

Birds – The Thrushes

The Thrushes

The Thrushes

In this article we will see: “The Thrushes”, birds, diverse and captivating, grace our skies with their melodies. From vibrant plumage to impressive flights, they captivate with endless wonders.

Birds – The Thrushes

Brief Background of: The Thrushes

The family of thrushes comprises birds with fairly slender bodies, a rather long and square tail, a straight and fixed beak, and low and slim legs. They include blackbirds, thrushes, chats, redstarts, robins, nightingales, and other species.

Appearance and Behaviour

On the ground, they move in small hops or quick steps. While they are capable of flying well, they only utilize their flying abilities during migrations. The plumage is often dull or poorly colored, with only a few species displaying a contrasting appearance. Males and females can either look identical or have distinct differences. Many thrushes are excellent singers, with the reputation of the blackbird and the nightingale preceding them.

While a few thrush species adapt to desert areas, most of them prefer open locations surrounded by shrubs, thickets, and brambles where they can easily take cover. Some birds even reluctantly leave these dense and protective areas. Their range of activity typically extends from 1 to 2 meters above the ground, with trees and high foliage generally being ignored.

Food of: The Thrushes

Being naturally gluttonous and constantly foraging for food, they find their sustenance there, primarily consisting of insects captured on the ground or occasionally in mid-air, as well as larvae, worms, small mollusks, berries, and fruits. They are highly active during the day, and some thrushes continue to display their dynamism after dusk or even throughout the night.


These birds are not particularly shy but rather easily startled, showing their nervousness through head, wing, and tail movements. Some species, such as blackbirds, robins, and redstarts, have adapted to human presence and no longer hesitate to nest in close proximity to houses, sometimes even inside. They live as withdrawn couples and, with their feisty character, are not very tolerant of intruders on their territory. Winter, with its imposed difficulties, necessitates concessions, especially for migratory birds that travel in groups.

Thrushes construct elaborate nests that are always well concealed, either at low heights or directly on the ground, with a few species using natural or artificial cavities. Twigs, soil, moss, and dead leaves are the most commonly used materials. Built methodically and with care, these nests provide the young with a sufficiently deep cup to prevent premature falls. The clutch usually consists of 1 to 3 eggs, varying in shades of gray or blue. The incubation period lasts for 2 weeks.

The hatchlings, born naked and blind, require constant protection during the early days of their lives. Both adults take care of raising the young. Some species have two or even three broods each year, but this high fertility rate is offset by a significant mortality rate among the young.


Whether sedentary or long-distance travelers, thrushes exhibit a wide variety of behaviors, ranging from blackbirds that never leave the park where they were born to redstarts that are instinctively driven to cross the Sahara twice each year.


There are 301 known species worldwide, with these families having conquered all regions of the globe, except for polar areas, although the wheatear breeds as far as the Spitsbergen. There are 34 species of thrushes in Europe.

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A final word

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