History – Augustus

History – Augustus


In this article we will see: “Augustus”, history, the chronicle of human civilization, serves as a window to the past, illuminating the triumphs, struggles, and evolution of societies over millennia. Through the study of historical events, we unravel the complexities of our collective heritage and gain insight into the forces shaping our present and future.

Summary : History – Augustus

“The Reign of Augustus: Building Rome and Securing Peace” delves into the transformative era of Augustus, the first Roman emperor. Beginning with the closure of the gates of war in 29 BC, Augustus ushered in a period of unprecedented stability and prosperity for Rome. Through strategic diplomacy, urban renewal projects, and economic growth, he cemented his legacy as a visionary leader. This text explores Augustus’s meticulous approach to governance, his efforts to rebuild Rome, and his enduring impact on the Roman Empire

History – Augustus

In 29 BC, the gates of war finally closed, heralding a period of peace for Rome! Patricians and plebeians, who had hated and fought each other for so many years, stood side by side in the forum as the monumental doors of the Temple of Janus were slowly pushed shut. All hailed peace with a great fraternal spirit and, in doing so, Octavian, the new dictator.

 Prudent as well as wise, Octavian intended to be the all-powerful father of Rome, while giving the Romans the impression that they called upon him to play this role. With the treasures brought back from Egypt, he bought land that he distributed to his soldiers, built a magnificent temple to Apollo to thank him for his protection during the Battle of Actium, and, finally, relinquished his military command as well as his civil offices.

“From now on,” he declared, “the destinies of Rome rest in the hands of the people and the Senate.” The Senate wanted to be no less generous than him: it insisted on him accepting, at least, the command of Gaul, Spain, and Syria. And Octavian did not refuse! Almost all the legions were now under his command.

Furthermore, the Senate bestowed upon him the title of Augustus and named him princeps. Princeps meant “the first”, meaning that Octavian, or rather Augustus, became the first citizen of Rome. Later, the word transformed into “prince.”

By voting for him, the Romans had made Augustus more powerful than a king. But Augustus took great care not to act like a king. To begin with, he adhered to the old tradition of wearing simple clothes at home. He lived in a house that was more modest and smaller than that of many of his fellow citizens. Then, before making any decision, he took great care to consult the Senate. A shrewd diplomat, Augustus also ensured that everyone owed him something and had no reason to complain about him.

The populace demanding pleasures, Augustus, who was not accustomed to throwing his sesterces out the window, did not hesitate to spend lavishly to entertain the masses. Under his reign – for it can truly be said that he reigned -, ten thousand gladiators descended into the arena. Octavian also set about radically transforming Rome. The Temple of Apollo marked the first step in this direction. The master of Rome then set about restoring and beautifying all the other temples in the city.

One of them, a magnificent temple, was dedicated to all the gods. It was called the Pantheon. The ancient forum, in turn, received a serious dusting off. Two others were set up: Caesar’s Forum and Augustus’s Forum. With satisfaction, the Romans observed a veritable proliferation of various buildings around them. They smiled, saying that Augustus had found a city of bricks and turned it into a city of marble. But construction was not the only change to be observed in Rome.

Peace favoring commerce, the city grew rich. Boats as well as long caravans of mules and camels brought fabrics, spices, beautiful furniture, silver vessels, and gold plates to Italy, and also many people. Immigrants from all provinces flocked, seeking a place in the city to settle. Soon, it was necessary to hastily build barracks along the streets.

Last word about : History – Augustus

Augustus’s reign marked a golden age for Rome, characterized by peace, prosperity, and cultural flourishing. His wise leadership, diplomatic finesse, and ambitious building projects reshaped the city and laid the foundation for centuries of imperial rule. As the first Roman emperor, Augustus’s legacy endures as a testament to the power of effective governance and strategic vision in shaping the destiny of nations. His era remains a pivotal chapter in Roman history, exemplifying the heights of achievement and stability achieved under his rule

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