History – Buddha The Illuminated

History – Buddha The Illuminated

Buddha The Illuminated

In this article we will see: “Buddha The Illuminated”, history, the chronicle of human civilization, serves as a window to the past, illuminating the triumphs, struggles, and evolution of societies over millennia. Through the study of historical events, we unravel the complexities of our collective heritage and gain insight into the forces shaping our present and future.

Summary : History – Buddha The Illuminated

The story of Buddha The Illuminated unfolds against the backdrop of ancient India, a land rich in spirituality and philosophical exploration. Siddhartha Gautama’s journey from prince to ascetic to enlightened teacher is a timeless tale of self-discovery and the pursuit of truth. As we delve into his life, we uncover not only the origins of Buddhism but also profound insights into the human condition and the nature of existence.

History – Buddha The Illuminated

It was around this time that another man turned his attention to Hinduism… His name was Siddhartha Gautama. Born in 560 BC, he became famous as Buddha The Illuminated. It was claimed that he had lived five hundred and fifty lives before reaching his final incarnation on earth.

According to tradition, Siddhartha’s noble father had the child raised in a luxurious palace filled with amusements so that he would not experience the miseries of the world. Siddhartha grew up, married, and had a son. He then came into contact with external sorrows and regretted having lived until then in the enchanted setting of his palace.

He abruptly decided to renounce the advantages of his condition and, leaving his family, became a monk. Initially, he imposed severe privations on himself and mortified his body. Then he realized that this way of proceeding was as unreasonable as his previous behavior. “There is a better way,” he said, “than living in idleness or covering oneself with ashes. What matters above all is truth and discipline.”

Upon this, Buddha The Illuminated began to preach moderation and wisdom. The goal to be achieved was nirvana, a state of grace by which one escaped the desires, sufferings, and disillusionments of this lower world. It was only after attaining nirvana that a man could hope to be done with the cycle of rebirths and successive deaths.

The religion preached by Buddha The Illuminated did not bother with ceremonies or ancient gods. He simply showed men the way to go. It was up to them to engage in it to gain their salvation. It was only a matter of thinking right and acting well. When he began to travel, Buddha The Illuminated had barely five followers. But over the next forty-five years, he would rally thousands of people to his way of thinking.

Buddha The Illuminated enjoyed miraculous youth for a long time. And then, at the age of eighty, he gathered his disciples, lay down smiling among them, and died. His body was cremated with great pomp. His ashes were distributed in eight srapas or relic mounds. Many people donned the yellow-orange robes of Buddhist monks and began to preach the master’s teachings.

At first, Buddhism and Jainism clashed, although they had many common points. Both derived from traditional Hinduism and relied on the same fundamental ideas, such as karma and rebirths. These two religions also attacked the caste system and tried to shake the masses. They used the same writing. They were both based not on the obscure belief in one god or another but on a rule of moral life. Finally, both considered earthly life as a simple passage, condemned sacrifices, and taught to respect the lives of animals as well as humans.

However, there was an important difference between Buddhism and Jainism. Jainism accepted almost all the teachings of Hinduism and therefore remained a sect of the mother religion. It thus won the approval of many people. Buddhism, on the other hand, broke completely with Hinduism. It rejected the Brahmins, the rites, the gods, and the Vedas.

As a result, while Jainism was expanding in India, it was mainly outside this country that Buddhism gained followers. While these two religions developed, however, India faced other problems.

Around 500 BC, the Persian Empire had seized the northwest region of the country and made it a mere province. The capital was Taxila, a Hindu religious center. The Indians paid the victors a large tribute of gold, not to mention the soldiers they provided to fight in their ranks. Despite everything, the Persians did not seek to enlarge their Indian conquests.

India was therefore relatively quiet when, a hundred and fifty years later, the Persian Empire collapsed and fell into the hands of Alexander the Great. He was then on the borders of India. He took advantage of this to make an incursion into the country. He crossed the mountains and, in 327 BC, began to fight the tribes of the highlands. The following year, he crossed the Indus and approached Taxila.

The rajah understood the futility of resistance and welcomed Alexander by showering him with gifts. The other kings of the region hastened to imitate him. They protested their devotion, overwhelmed the winner with gifts, and promised him troops… and cattle. Only one refused to stoop to such platitudes: Porus, a man of gigantic stature, whose behavior was as royal as his title.

Porus resisted. So, Alexander used the big guns. He had boats transported to the edge of the Hydaspes. Then he embarked at night and went up the river. He took the opponent by surprise.

The unfortunate King Porus suffered a total defeat, although dearly paid by the adversary. Porus himself, wounded in the battle, was brought before Alexander. And when he asked him how he expected to be treated, Porus made this proud reply: “Like a king!”

Alexandre, impressed by the noble and courageous attitude of the vanquished, immediately returned to better feelings. And then, as he was very intelligent, he thought of employing so much bravery: he appointed Porus governor of the entire region. Among brave people, they always come to an understanding!

Having thus settled the matter, Alexander resumed his march eastward, seizing new territories and establishing colonies there.

In the long run, however, his troops began to mutter. They suffered from homesickness. With wisdom, Alexander deemed it was time to turn back. He erected twelve altars at the place he had reached, then brought his army back to the Indus and the sea. He had stayed in India for a little less than two years.

One of the great conqueror’s ambitions had been to bring together Greek and Indian cultures. Despite these excellent intentions, no Indian historian of that time mentions Alexander in his writings. Nevertheless, the passage of the Greeks left traces: the Hellenic and Indian civilizations had time to interpenetrate. Nevertheless, at that time, a gulf still separated them. The way of life of one and the other was so different!

Two years after leaving India, Alexander died. Upon hearing the news, the troops he had left behind mutinied. The Indians took advantage of this to shake off the yoke of the occupier.

One of the Indian leaders was named Chandragupta. He was young and had known Alexander. After succeeding in freeing the kingdom of Magadha, he ascended the throne and, in 322 BC, founded the Maurya dynasty, named after his clan. His rule soon extended over most of Northern India. Its capital was Pataliputra.

When he died in 298 BC, he could boast of having created the first Indian Empire. His son and successor, a certain Bindusara, did not make much noise. However, it is known that he enlarged and fortified the Mauryan territory. The southern part of India was still isolated from the northern part. Some tribes also remained independent. But when Bindusara’s son, Asoka, succeeded him on the throne in 269 BC, he further extended his hegemony.

At the beginning of his reign, Asoka led the life of a great king. He wasted precious time hunting and feasting. Then, in 261 BC, he went to war against an Eastern state. He won the battle, but at a very heavy cost. Seeing the harm his laziness and ambition had caused, Asoka, consumed by remorse and regret, fell into deep sadness.

Last word about : History – Buddha The Illuminated

Buddha The Illuminated’s legacy transcends time and culture, inspiring countless individuals to seek enlightenment and inner peace. His teachings continue to resonate with seekers of truth, offering a path to liberation from suffering and the realization of profound wisdom. Through his life and teachings, Buddha The Illuminated reminds us of the universal quest for meaning and the boundless potential within each of us to awaken to our true nature.

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