History – Conflicts between Sparta and Athens

History – Conflicts between Sparta and Athens

Conflicts between Sparta and Athens

In this article we will see: “Conflicts between Sparta and Athens”, history, the chronicle of human civilization, serves as a window to the past, illuminating the triumphs, struggles, and evolution of societies over millennia. Through the study of historical events, we unravel the complexities of our collective heritage and gain insight into the forces shaping our present and future.

Summary : History – Conflicts between Sparta and Athens

Following the debacle of Syracuse, the war between Sparta and Athens persists, with devastating repercussions for the Athenian city-state. The Spartan fleet, supported by the Persian king, engages in a campaign of propaganda and demoralization, inciting Athens’ allies to rebel. Athens descends into panic and democracy falters as justice is flouted and mistrust prevails. This tumultuous period is marked by significant political and social upheavals.

History – Conflicts between Sparta and Athens

The war continued to rage between Sparta and Athens long after the defeat of Syracuse. The Spartans were delighted to keep fighting. Didn’t they now possess both a fleet and an army? This fleet was a personal gift from the cunning Persian king who believed it was high time to stir things up a bit and help the Greeks to nicely slaughter each other as a family affair. When the Spartans decided to invade Attica again, their warships sailed into the Aegean Sea. There, they intercepted merchant ships supplying Athens and went from island to island, encouraging Athens’ allied cities to leave the league that bound them to Athens.

The Persian king hadn’t revealed to anyone what he planned to do with the liberated island cities once they were free from Athens’ rule. But from his satisfied smile, it was evident he had something in mind, and the Spartans’ propaganda tour served his purposes well. It wasn’t for nothing that he had so generously provided boats! Panic soon swept through Athens. According to Thucydides, it was a kind of collective madness that spared no one. In short, justice ceased to exist overnight in Athens.

The island allies of the city were suddenly burdened with heavy taxes, leaving them completely impoverished. When one of the small islands begged to be left out of the war, Athens sent its fleet with orders to kill all the men and sell their families into slavery. Gradually, the citizens of Athens began to regard each other with suspicion. Leaders elected today risked being executed tomorrow. In the following months, democracy itself was forgotten: a council of four hundred members took over the governance of Athens. Then the assembly regained its influence, and once again, there was a magnificent melee.

On a beautiful summer evening in 405 BC, a ship entered the port of Piraeus. Within minutes, terrible news reached the city: Spartan warships had just decimated, near the small Thracian river Aigos-Potamos, the fleet that Athens had struggled so hard to rebuild after the defeat in Sicily! The city of the goddess Athena, however, held out for another year. By that time, it had lost virtually everything: its soldiers, its ships, its allies, and its money.

The enemy troops camped outside the city’s protective walls while their ships blockaded the port of Piraeus. The Spartans were in no hurry; they patiently waited for hunger to defeat their opponents. Peace was signed in 404 BC! The war had lasted twenty-seven years. The Spartans, pleased with themselves, set about demolishing the high walls built by Themistocles. This demolition was stipulated in the treaty. Additionally, Athens had to give up its league of allies and retain only twelve of its warships. However, it would not be destroyed, and its inhabitants would escape slavery.

Last word about : History – Conflicts between Sparta and Athens

The peace treaty signed in 404 BC ends twenty-seven years of conflict, leaving Athens depleted but spared from total destruction. The Spartans, victorious, dismantle Athenian power by demolishing its defenses and limiting its fleet. However, Athens’ resilience, though diminished, demonstrates its ability to survive the worst trials and persevere despite defeats.

Training platforms

Zadibridge is a very recent website which contains many diverse and varied articles, its articles cover many aspects of life, including sciences, cuisine and folklore and various cultures.

At the same time, Zadibridge site offers three educational platforms, two of which are free. To access the educational platform on YouTube, please click (here). This channel contains free products, most of which are videos that do not give teachers the benefit of tracking their learners. We also offer our documentaries: to access the documentary channel on the Zadibridge, please click (here). And, if you wish to access our training platform which offers different courses in French, English and Arabic, please click (here), our training platform is a targeted platform, its products are professional and their prices are very competitive.

Similar Posts:

Other Posts:

A final word

We hope that this article helped you to get a better understanding of History. For more articles related to mankind History in specific, or scineces; in general, please visit our Home Page.