History – Epicurus

History – Epicurus

Epicurus

In this article we will see: “Epicurus”, history, the chronicle of human civilization, serves as a window to the past, illuminating the triumphs, struggles, and evolution of societies over millennia. Through the study of historical events, we unravel the complexities of our collective heritage and gain insight into the forces shaping our present and future.

Summary : History – Epicurus

In the realm of ancient philosophy, two prominent figures emerge with contrasting ideologies—Diogenes and Epicurus. Diogenes, the Cynic, chose to live in destitution, renouncing societal norms and material comforts. Conversely, Epicurus advocated for a life of moderation and pursuit of intellectual pleasures. Their philosophical perspectives offer insights into human existence and the pursuit of happiness.

History – Epicurus

Epicurus, on the other hand, bore little resemblance to Diogenes. He was an amiable philosopher who conversed with his disciples every afternoon as they strolled through a peaceful garden outside the city. With a gentle smile, he asserted that poor Diogenes and the Cynics harbored false ideas. How could they aim for happiness by eliminating everything that made life beautiful and good?

There were no grimaces or long noses in Epicurus’ garden! Quite the contrary, he taught his students that the secret to a pleasant existence lay in enjoying life’s pleasures fully. What did this entail? First and foremost, having no fear. Most people dread death and its aftermath.

Epicurus argued they were greatly mistaken. He explained that when people die, the atoms composing them disperse, rendering them incapable of suffering. Thus, worrying was pointless. Instead, one should maximize the pleasures of the soul and mind while still alive. It was primarily the pleasures of the mind that Epicurus recommended.

Unfortunately, his philosophy was later distorted. “Eat, drink, and be merry, for tomorrow we die!” This was what people seeking philosophical justification for their gluttony or lust would say, in complete contradiction to Epicurus.

Wisely, he taught his students that an excess of pleasure is as harmful to humans as the total suppression of such pleasures. “Learn to choose wisely,” he repeated. “Art, poetry, scientific knowledge, and true friendship—these are what will always fill your heart with joy. Avoid anger, envy, and fear with great care. Wisdom, like the wall surrounding this garden, will shield you from them!”

Last word about : History – Epicurus

The contrasting philosophies of Diogenes and Epicurus underscore the diversity of thought within ancient philosophy. While Diogenes embraced austerity and rebellion against societal conventions, Epicurus emphasized moderation and the pursuit of intellectual fulfillment. Both offer valuable lessons on the nature of happiness and the complexities of human existence, reminding us that there are diverse paths to fulfillment and meaning in life.

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