History – Greece fights to survive

History – Greece fights to survive

Greece fights to survive

In this article we will see: “Greece fights to survive”, history, the chronicle of human civilization, serves as a window to the past, illuminating the triumphs, struggles, and evolution of societies over millennia. Through the study of historical events, we unravel the complexities of our collective heritage and gain insight into the forces shaping our present and future.

Summary : History – Greece fights to survive

The looming threat of the Persian Empire cast a shadow over ancient Greece, prompting City-States to face a pivotal moment in their history. Among them, Sparta, renowned for its military prowess, stood poised to confront the Persian advance. As messengers traversed the Aegean, seeking submission or resistance, Sparta’s response became a crucial chapter in the unfolding saga of Greek resistance. This narrative explores Sparta’s pivotal role in the face of Persian aggression, shedding light on its unwavering commitment to defend Greek independence against overwhelming odds.

History – Greece fights to survive

One day, after crossing the Aegean Sea, men from Asia Minor landed in Greece. As messengers of Darius, the king of Persia, they visited all the City-States of mainland Greece. The Greeks of Asia Minor were already familiar with the Persians. They too had received the visit of friendly messengers.

But after them, soldiers had come, attacking the City-States one after the other, subduing them, and eventually annexing them to Darius’ empire. Nothing could stop the Persian army. Departing from their distant capital in the heart of Asia, its fierce soldiers relentlessly pushed westward.

They conquered Egypt and Phoenicia, the homeland of sailors. Now their king, Darius, intended to add Greece to his empire. He hoped to do so peacefully… if only the Greeks would be somewhat understanding. However, if they resisted, then so be it, they would be forcibly enslaved! It was with these intentions that Darius had sent his messengers.

The City-States of Asia Minor had acquiesced with a sigh. But elsewhere, things went differently. The Spartans, who never bothered with much courtesy, gave a very clear and almost rude refusal to the messengers. In Athens, the envoys of the Persian king were treated much the same way. Darius, informed of the events, showed no anger. On the contrary, he rejoiced in finally having a reason to correct the Athenians, to whom he had long been hostile.

The great historian Herodotus tells us of the three attempts made by the Persian kings to conquer Greece. With Darius, the legendary luck of the Athenians came dangerously close to running out. When the world’s largest army then chose Greece as its field of exploits, Sparta alone, of all the City-States, was capable of resisting it. Nature intervened to repel the first attack and save the Greeks.

The Persian fleet, victim of a sudden storm, smashed against the reefs of the coast. The expedition came to a halt. Two years later, in 490 BC, the Persians attacked again. But they went about it differently. The troops all boarded the ships and, after crossing the Aegean Sea, landed near Eretria. They conquered the city after a hard fight, burned it to the ground, then crossed the narrow strait that separates it from Marathon, on the Attic coast.

They were now only a day’s march from Athens. Time was pressing: faced with danger, the Athenians sent their best runner to Sparta to ask for help. He hurried: never before had a man run so fast! The Spartan troops agreed to help the Athenians! But unfortunately, religion forbade them from setting out before the full moon.

And that would not be for several days. A catastrophe! In Athens, the assembly convened in great haste to discuss the situation. It was as if we were in our Chamber of Deputies in times of crisis! Five of the ten current generals urged the people to decide to keep the army within the city to defend it better when the Persians attacked. The other five, however, advised not to passively wait for the enemy but, on the contrary, to meet them at Marathon itself.

Miltiades, tasked with planning the campaign, luckily had a voice capable of rivaling the thunder of Zeus himself. He managed to make himself heard amidst the uproar. His opinion aligned with that of the generals eager to fight at Marathon. Immediately, the other five reacted and shouted even louder. Miltiades roared like a tiger.

He loudly proclaimed that Hippias, the former tyrant of Athens, had become an ally of the Persians. Did the Athenians want to hide like cowards behind their walls while Hippias waited for them to starve or surrender? After these glorious and convincing words, he fell silent, completely hoarse. But his voice had carried.

The Assembly voted: the generals were ordered to depart for Marathon and there, if possible, to inflict a severe beating on the enemy. They promised to do their best.

Last word about : History – Greece fights to survive

In the annals of history, Sparta’s defiance against the Persian Empire remains a testament to the enduring spirit of Greek resilience. Despite initial setbacks and challenges, Sparta’s unwavering determination to resist foreign domination exemplifies the ethos of ancient Greece. Through their courage and sacrifice, the Spartans upheld the values of freedom and autonomy, inspiring future generations to stand firm in the face of tyranny. As the Persian threat loomed large, Sparta’s response symbolized the indomitable spirit of the Greek City-States, forging a legacy that continues to resonate through the ages.

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