History – Ice age period

History – Ice age period

History - Ice age period

In this article we will see: “Ice age period”, history, the chronicle of human civilization, serves as a window to the past, illuminating the triumphs, struggles, and evolution of societies over millennia. Through the study of historical events, we unravel the complexities of our collective heritage and gain insight into the forces shaping our present and future.

Summary - History – Ice age period

The Pleistocene epoch, marked by the emergence and evolution of early humans, stands as a pivotal era in Earth’s history. Among its defining features, the glacial periods, encapsulated by Ice Age” shaped landscapes and influenced life across continents. Over millions of years, humans adapted amidst the challenges of advancing ice masses and fluctuating climates, leaving a legacy reflected in their tool-making prowess and migratory patterns. Exploring this epoch unveils not only the resilience of early humans but also the dynamic interplay between environmental forces and evolutionary responses.

History – Ice age period

It took millions of years for a body and a brain to develop and adapt until becoming the Peking Man. More than 600,000 years before his appearance, man was already standing upright, his hand gripping tools made by himself. We were then almost at the beginning of the Pleistocene, an era derived from Greek words meaning “most recent.” For although the Pleistocene began over a million years ago, it is considered recent compared to the age of the Earth, which is several million years old. During the Pleistocene, there were different types of humans, more or less advanced in their development.

One of the most primitive types was the Australopithecus. This name means “similar to a southern hemisphere monkey” and refers to Southern Africa where bones corresponding to this type of human have been found. A more advanced type that appeared later was the Pithecanthropus or “ape-like man.” The Peking Man belonged to this group, as did his cousin, the Java Man. Later on, other, more evolved humans succeeded them. Throughout these years, our planet experienced the Ice Age”.

At the beginning of the Pleistocene, the first of the four cold periods began. Each lasted for several thousand years and was followed by a warm period, known as an interglacial period, of equally long duration. During the ice ages, huge masses of ice descended from the northern mountains and devastated Europe, Asia, North America, and South America. As these icy masses advanced, cooling everything around them, vegetation disappeared and animals were driven southward.

Rain, falling abundantly in the region just above the equator, turned it into fertile pastures where abundant wildlife soon reproduced and where humans were naturally tempted to settle. Then the ice began to melt and the glaciers receded. During this period of retreat, sea levels rose. Land bridges that connected certain points collapsed, leaving groups of creatures isolated.

These fluctuations in relief had serious consequences. During these interglacial periods as well, the climate often became semi-tropical where previously complete desolation reigned. Plants, animals, and humans then ventured into this new territory that opened up to them. The last ice age ended some 11,000 years ago. But during the “439503” itself, humans evolved by traveling and changing climates. Yet, what remained of them after these long years? Very little, indeed.

However, their stone tools have been found, which served to name the period in question. The Paleolithic indeed means “ancient stone.” It is also more commonly known as the “age of the carved stone.” From the beginning, one thing set humans apart from animals: it was the art of using materials that nature provided. Their first tools were probably branches transformed into clubs or canes, as well as bones for cutting or digging. Soon, they understood the advantages of stone and began to split or shatter it.

Flint was commonly used in many parts of the world. The Peking Man, on the other hand, did not make much use of stone. But in Africa and Europe, his counterparts learned to carve it precisely. Their basic tool was the hand axe. It had no wooden handle but, beveled on the sides and sharpened at one end, it had a blunt end that could be gripped in the hand (and even with both hands if the axe was heavy), and was used for digging, shattering other stones, or splitting animals, and people! Later on, gradually, humans discovered new ways of using stone.

Their tools transformed. They became smaller, thinner, sharper, more manageable. Humans began to shape their instruments with more care. They took pride in their work.

Last word about - History – Ice age period

In delving into the depths of the Pleistocene epoch, we unearth a narrative rich in adaptation, innovation, and survival. Ice Age”¬†serves as a poignant reminder of the formidable challenges early humans faced, from the encroaching ice to the shifting landscapes. Yet, amidst adversity, they thrived, honing their skills and charting new territories. As we reflect on this epoch, we glean insights into the intricate relationship between humans and their environment, and the enduring resilience of the human spirit in the face of formidable odds. The Pleistocene’s legacy endures as a testament to the indomitable force of life’s evolutionary journey.

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