History – Marvels of Rome

History – Marvels of Rome

Marvels of Rome

In this article we will see: “Marvels of Rome”, history, the chronicle of human civilization, serves as a window to the past, illuminating the triumphs, struggles, and evolution of societies over millennia. Through the study of historical events, we unravel the complexities of our collective heritage and gain insight into the forces shaping our present and future.

Summary : History – Marvels of Rome

Rome, once a humble city, evolved into a bustling metropolis under Emperor Hadrian’s reign. His insatiable curiosity led him to traverse the vast expanse of his empire, overseeing its diverse provinces and marveling at their architectural wonders. As Hadrian embarked on his journeys, Romans, inspired by their emperor, embraced a newfound enthusiasm for travel, exploring ancient sites across Greece, Egypt, and beyond. This era witnessed the flourishing of new cities and the fusion of Roman and Greek architectural styles, creating enduring monuments that stand as a testament to Rome’s cultural and engineering prowess.

History – Marvels of Rome

Rome, once a simple city, had become a veritable small universe. Under the reign of Hadrian, the trumpets that preceded the emperor in his travels continued to resound in Spain, Great Britain, and Syria as often as in Italy. Hadrian was curious to know what was happening in every corner of his empire. He wanted to review the troops guarding his borders himself, visit the strongholds in person, and see how the governors of the various provinces carried out their duties. Hadrian’s travels throughout the empire lasted no less than eight years.

He followed the Roman roads and sea routes that Roman power had cleared of pirates. So, when he stopped to catch his breath, he could boast of knowing the vast empire over which he was the all-powerful master. On their part, the wealthy Romans, imitating their emperor, had turned into enthusiastic tourists. Greece was a highly sought-after destination. Italians flocked there eagerly, impatient to visit this country they considered strange and of another age.

Just like tourists in the 19th century, they crowded around Athens’ famous monuments, bought “souvenirs” in the form of statues or pottery, and wandered through the ancient battlefields described in Plutarch’s works. Some preferred to visit Egypt. They loved window-shopping in Alexandria, which was still a beautiful city and an active commercial center.

They willingly sailed up the Nile to Memphis and Thebes in well-appointed boats. In Gaul and Germany, North Africa, Spain, and Great Britain, new cities flourished in once wild lands. These cities had nothing to envy to those of the East! In Athens, Hadrian meticulously reviewed the most beautiful monuments in the world. He admitted that they were indeed splendid. At one point, he was shown the foundations, topped with a few rare columns, of a gigantic temple. An ancient tyrant of Athens, Pisistratus, had begun this temple some six hundred years earlier.

The project was so vast that it had never been completed. Pisistratus’ successors had given up on it. Hadrian carefully examined the unfinished construction, then called in his workers, and the temple was completed. A Greek had designed the plan, but it was a Roman who executed it! This story repeated itself throughout the empire. The Romans indeed continued to borrow architectural ideas from the Greeks, just as they borrowed teaching methods from them: because these ideas and methods were good! In fact, the Romans were not architects: they were just admirable masons.

Similarly, patiently, kilometer after kilometer, they traced wonderful roads that crossed deserts and mountains to radiate to the ends of the empire. Their bridges and aqueducts spanned gorges and rivers with their imposing stone arches.

The Etruscans, the first, had taught the Romans the art of building solid vaults by cutting the stone in a certain way. Seven or eight hundred years later, the pupils had become master builders who used arches to reinforce the largest monuments ever built by human hands. When the Romans discovered the secret of concrete, they excelled. They crowned their temples with large domes, and it was the end of dangerous wooden roofs.

The remotest corners of the empire were seized by a construction frenzy: everywhere, arches rose higher, thicker, and stronger. And for centuries, these arches stood, defying time and proving to the world that one day the Romans had passed through there!

Last word about : History – Marvels of Rome

The legacy of Rome’s architectural marvels and cultural influence continues to captivate the world. From the grandeur of the Colosseum to the intricate designs of aqueducts and bridges, Rome’s enduring legacy in architecture is a testament to the ingenuity and craftsmanship of its people.

As we explore these ancient wonders, we are reminded of Rome’s enduring impact on civilization, inspiring awe and admiration for centuries to come. Through the lens of history, we gain insight into the remarkable achievements of the Roman Empire, celebrating its rich heritage and contributions to the world of architecture and beyond.

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