History – The Great Wall

History – The Great Wall

The Great Wall

In this article we will see: “The Great Wall”, history, the chronicle of human civilization, serves as a window to the past, illuminating the triumphs, struggles, and evolution of societies over millennia. Through the study of historical events, we unravel the complexities of our collective heritage and gain insight into the forces shaping our present and future.

Summary : History – The Great Wall

In the annals of Chinese history, one figure stands out for his ambition, innovation, and ruthlessness: Che-Houang-ti. His reign marked a pivotal moment in the consolidation and expansion of imperial power, introducing radical reforms and monumental projects like The Great Wall. This period witnessed the emergence of a unified empire, the standardization of language and governance, and the suppression of dissenting philosophies. Through his actions, Che-Houang-ti reshaped the political and cultural landscape of ancient China, leaving a legacy that continues to intrigue and inspire to this day.

History – The Great Wall

Che-Houang-ti then undertook something that had never been attempted in China before: to gather states and provinces to form a unified and unique empire! He encouraged the old feudal families to leave their lands and settle in the capital. The lords willingly obeyed, flattered to be called to the court. However, it was to his own people that Che-Houang-ti entrusted the command posts. He took great care to share authority (military and administrative) among different leaders. With power thus divided but still under his surveillance, he himself did not fear a rival rising against him.

Once the empire was built, it still needed protection! The south of the country was not much to be feared, but the nomadic tribes of the north were causing much trouble. They had often already ravaged the villages and crops of the peaceful Chinese settled in the region. Defensive walls had indeed been built here and there, but they were a poor obstacle that the northern hordes had quickly bypassed.

Che-Houang-ti then made a decision: he ordered the construction of a massive The Great Wall along the northern borders of his empire. Thousands of Chinese were enlisted to carry out this project, which was finally completed in 213 BC. This The Great Wall was named “The Great Wall of China,” and still partially exists to this day. This The Great Wall, three thousand kilometers long, was flanked by twenty-five thousand towers. Thousands of armed men were tasked with guarding and defending it.

 Che-Houang-ti and his supporters did not just administer the empire. They worked to consolidate its unity. For this purpose, standard models of weights and measures were created. It was decreed that the spacing of wheels would be the same for all vehicles, and other “standardizations,” which were small revolutions for the time, were decided upon. The official philosophy of the government was based on discipline and zeal.

The ideal man, in Che-Houang-ti’s eyes, was the uneducated, hardworking peasant, not the sage, the scholar, or the preacher who cast doubt in the minds of the people. Gradually, Che-Houang-ti and his advisers began to view all other schools of philosophy with great disfavor. Confucianism, in particular, seemed dangerous to them.

In 213 BC, a massive seizure of all books in the empire was ordered. Only works dealing with practical subjects and medicine were spared. One copy of each philosophy treatise was also saved and placed in the state library. All other books were burned. Later, the state library was destroyed. The scholars of the time had to rely on their memories to reconstruct the lost texts.

Though responsible for this massive burning of books, Che-Houang-ti did his best to reform the Chinese language. The Chinese spoke many dialects, so different from each other that it was sometimes difficult for them to understand each other. Che-Houang-ti ordered the adoption of a single and well-defined alphabet.

 This language reform, in the emperor’s mind, aimed to strengthen national unity. As he implemented his vast and ambitious program, Che-Houang-ti began to see himself as a great leader. In truth, and without his knowledge, his advisers took advantage of his numerous trips out of the capital to gradually seize power.

Last word about : History – The Great Wall

Che-Houang-ti’s reign was a transformative era in Chinese history, characterized by bold initiatives, centralized authority, and enduring legacies such as The Great Wall. Despite controversies and criticisms, his legacy endures as a symbol of imperial power, innovative governance, and the pursuit of national unity. While his methods were often ruthless, his vision and ambition laid the groundwork for the flourishing of classical Chinese civilization. As we reflect on his reign, we recognize Che-Houang-ti as a pivotal figure whose influence reverberates through the corridors of time, shaping the destiny of a nation and leaving an indelible mark on history.

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