History – The Rise of Pompey and Caesar

History – The Rise of Pompey and Caesar

The Rise of Pompey and Caesar

In this article we will see: “The Rise of Pompey and Caesar”, history, the chronicle of human civilization, serves as a window to the past, illuminating the triumphs, struggles, and evolution of societies over millennia. Through the study of historical events, we unravel the complexities of our collective heritage and gain insight into the forces shaping our present and future.

Summary : History – The Rise of Pompey and Caesar

“The Rise of Pompey and Julius Caesar” delves into the political landscape of ancient Rome, highlighting the ascension of two influential figures: Pompey the Great and Julius Caesar. As Rome grapples with internal strife and external threats, these men emerge as formidable leaders, each with their ambitions and strategies for power. Through military conquests, alliances, and political maneuvers, they shape the destiny of Rome and set the stage for the transformation of the Roman Republic into an empire. This narrative explores the dynamic interactions between these key players and their pivotal roles in shaping the course of history.

History – The Rise of Pompey and Caesar

In Rome, the people held the Senate in contempt more than ever. Without even considering its protests, they hastened to give Pompey command of the army in Asia Minor. It was time to deal with Rome’s old enemy: Mithridates, the king of Pontus. Pompey understood perfectly what was expected of him. He started by taking Judea and defeated the last king of the Seleucid dynasty. Then, without stopping, he led his legions along the Euphrates to the Caspian Sea. No one, except perhaps Alexander, had ever conquered so much in the East.

When Pompey returned to Rome, he brought with him a vast new empire, not to mention a truly fabulous booty. This time, the triumph of the victor lasted for two whole days. Even Crassus himself admitted that Pompey deserved the honors bestowed upon him. It was Pompey’s third triumph, and despite his popularity, he didn’t try to become another Sulla. He disbanded his troops, asking only for land for his soldiers from the Romans, and urging them to ratify the treaties he had made in the East.

For two years, the Senate ignored his requests. The senators didn’t forgive Pompey for being elected against their will. His current power even seemed offensive to them. They didn’t mind humiliating Pompey the Great a little. And then he suddenly found an ally. It was an officer, younger than him and entirely on the side of the people. His name was Julius Caesar, and he came to Pompey to propose an alliance: why not try to govern Rome themselves?

Young Caesar was a brilliant military leader and even more ambitious, if possible, than Pompey and Crassus. Being the nephew of Marius, he had faced Sylla’s hatred in his adolescence. Many people had to defend him to prevent Sylla from killing him. The dictator eventually relented, though he was convinced he was making a big mistake. “Because this kid,” he took the trouble to explain, “will sooner or later become another Marius!”

Sylla was mistaken. Julius never resembled his uncle. He lacked Marius’s heavy and rough strength. However, Sylla wasn’t wrong in thinking that the boy would become dangerous. Like Marius, Julius Caesar dreamed of commanding the Roman legions: but he was a thousand times more intelligent than him. In the island of Rhodes, where he stayed away from Sylla for some time, he attended the school of Apollonius, a master of Greek eloquence.

He learned from him the art of persuading crowds and also of judging an opponent at first glance. Apollonius also taught him all the tricks of politics, those subtle tricks that poor clumsy Marius always tangled himself up in! But no teacher in the world would have been able to teach Caesar everything he wanted to know. So he became his own instructor, training himself to read and think, just as he trained his body to strengthen it.

Instructed by his readings, Caesar then made a systematic plan of everything he intended to undertake. When Sylla died and the leaders of Roman democracy dared to reappear in the city, Caesar returned to Rome like the others. Now, his relationship with Marius, far from harming him, was an advantage. He set out to win the sympathy of the plebs. Thanks to his good manners and eloquence, it wasn’t difficult for him.

Just as easily, he became friends with Crassus. The unfortunate rich man was more depressed than ever to see that he couldn’t make himself loved by the people as he would have liked. So he was delighted to count among his acquaintances the popular young nephew of great Marius. As for the young nephew of great Marius, he had his own idea in mind.

Last word about : History – The Rise of Pompey and Caesar

“The Rise of Pompey and Julius Caesar” illuminates the intricate webs of power, ambition, and rivalry that characterized ancient Rome. Pompey’s military prowess and Caesar’s political acumen propelled them to the forefront of Roman politics, leading to a delicate balance of alliances and tensions. Their collaboration, followed by competition, ultimately culminated in the demise of the Roman Republic and the rise of autocratic rule under Caesar. As their stories intertwine and diverge, they leave a lasting legacy that continues to captivate historians and enthusiasts, offering valuable insights into the complexities of leadership and governance in antiquity.

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